Thursday, September 19, 2013

Baby, It's Cold Outside

Film: The Great White Silence
Format: DVD from Southern Illinois University Morris Library through WorldCat on laptop.

I can’t say I was overwhelmingly excited to spend time with The Great White Silence as a part of this project. I’ve already seen Nanook of the North, a documentary about the Arctic, so a different documentary about the other end of the world didn’t seem that thrilling a prospect. I’m not entirely sure why I held this opinion, because the two parts of the world are very different. The Arctic, for instance, is inhabited (see Nanook) while the Antarctic may well be the most inhospitable place on the planet.

The Great White Silence is the story of the doomed expedition of Robert Falcon Scott to reach the South Pole. Filmmaker Herbert Ponting accompanied the journey at least partway, and should be relatively glad he did not go all the way with Scott, since he and his party never returned from their final journey. That knowledge—the surety that the men we are watching are on their way to their deaths--is sobering.

This is a silent film, and a silent documentary, which means a few important things. First, there truly is no plot, although there is a definite story to follow. The second is that Ponting saw this evidently as a book with film accompaniment. I have rarely encountered this number of intertitles in a film, making this more or less an exercise in reading more than it is one of viewing.

Don’t let this dissuade you, though; the photography here is at times remarkable. While the opening sequences are the sort of silliness that often seemed to go along with the start of a great voyage—men dancing and engaging in mock boxing contests—once we reach the polar ice, it is immensely beautiful. There is a grandeur here that is difficult to express. Ponting’s narration indicates they encountered an iceberg larger than London. He also shows through still photography his method of taking some of his shots—leaning out over the side of the ship on a wooden platform. Other shots could only have been taken by painstakingly carrying his camera up the mast and shooting from the top.

For me, this is when this documentary is at its best. It is the scenery that is the real star of The Great White Silence. It is almost as interesting when he focuses on the local fauna, watching seals jump in and out of the surf or penguins diving and waddling around on the shore. This is the reason to spend time with this film. It’s to look at this vast wasteland, still managing to teem with life. It’s to see these incredible vistas both beautiful and terrible, to gaze at the massive volcano of Mt. Erebus, and to see the prow of the ship plowing through massive ice floes. Ponting wisely has human figures in many of his landscape shots, giving us a good sense of the size of the massive ice formations and glaciers.

Where the film slows down is, ironically enough, the places where it is actually accomplishing its purpose—the filming of the actual expedition. Watching a group of men unload a ship or bring the Siberian ponies ashore is uninteresting, to say the least. Fortunately, Ponting seems to have realized this, and we get only brief moments of such activity before we return to seals and orcas. Even this gets to be too much after some time. Five minutes of penguins in a row is more than enough, but we get well over 15 straight, following a long sequence on skua gulls. It’s all interesting, but there’s a lot of it.

The Great White Silence thus is a film that isn’t sure what it wants to be. Is it a nature documentary? Based on a large part of the middle section, that wouldn’t be an inapt guess. Is it a travelogue of the Antarctic? In part, it’s that, too. Is it a record of Scott’s fatal expedition to reach the pole? It is, but until the very end, it is the other options far more.

If there is an overarching problem with The Great White Silence, it is that while fascinating in parts, it doesn’t have the focus to be consistently worth watching. The music in the recent version of the film is both a benefit and detraction. It’s great, but it’s also very dreamy in many places, causing a serious risk of falling asleep. Fight through it; the final 20-30 minutes are remarkably poignant.

Don’t get me wrong; The Great White Silence is worth watching if only for the historical content and the fascinating nature photography. I can only wish that the art of filmmaking in general and documentary filmmaking in specific had been more advanced before an undertaking like this one.

Why to watch The Great White Silence: A unique record from the tail of the Age of Exploration.
Why not to watch: There’s more reading than even a standard subtitled film.


  1. I saw this myself just today. I was absolutely amazed at the job done by the restoration team. This may be the most pristine looking silent film I have ever watched - and the footage was shot in 1911 and 1912 in freaking Antarctica!

    I completely agree on the footage of the ice, especially the very first iceberg they encounter.

    For me the weakest part was the same thing that killed March of the Penguins - the constant anthropomorphizing of the animals' actions. Just show me the footage; don't try to spice it up by referring to them as brides and grooms, sons and daughters, etc.

    Ultimately, this is an incredible record of that time and I'm amazed to find that it even exists, let alone how good it looks. I gave it an extra star just for the restoration.

    1. I didn't go into a great amount of detail on the quality of the restoration, but you're absolutely correct. This is a damn pretty film, and one that I'm happy to have been able to see. Some of the shots, particularly of the icebergs, look as if they could've been taken within the last 10 years or so.

      I get what you're saying about the anthropomorphism, but it didn't trouble me at all. My take is that it was pretty common for the time. Hell, it's still common. That, and it's evident that Ponting couldn't go more than a minute or two of footage without having something to say.

    2. I agree that the anthropomorphism was nowhere near as bad in this as in March of the Penguins. I also agree that it was much more common to think like this at the time this film was made. I was just over-sensitive to it from MOTP. It didn't ruin the movie for me; I just found it to be the weakest feature of the film, that's all.

      On a completely different topic, I just posted on a book that I think you might be interested to find out about, if you have not already read it yourself - William Shakespeare's Star Wars. I think you might be as much of a geek about the subjects as I am, and I loved the book.

    3. No, I get that, and I also get why it annoys you. It doesn't bother me that much. Of course, I also have a daughter who has anthropomorphized a pink blanket, so this feels completely natural to me.

  2. I loved this one. In many ways I think it is superior to Nanook. Ponting is more honest to his subject than Flaherty. There is a level of whitewash but not outright manipulation as on Nanook. I totally enjoyed the soundtrack as well. It does pull you down to an almost sleepy state, but that works well for me. The total impression is almost dreamlike. Did you see the 1933 edition? It is faster, but ponting keeps blabbering.

    1. I agree--I think it's a better film in a lot of ways. I glanced at the 1933 version but stopped when I realized that it contained all of the photography I'd already seen and had lost the charm of intertitles and gained Ponting's incessant narration.

  3. Wow, this is a great movie! I read a book about Scott a few months ago and I saw the British film from about 1950 (I think it's called Scott of the Antarctic and it's OK but it's a bit of a chore at times) and I had no idea that The Great White Silence existed until a few days ago. I watched it on YouTube and I was mesmerized.

    For the wildlife footage alone, this is an incredible movie. (Although it is sad to think of all the dogs and ponies providing so much loyal service and then being put down and often eaten when their usefulness as transport was over. The unexpectedly severe blizzard that sealed the fates of Scott, Wilson and Bowers may have been an Antarctic Karma Storm. The book had a lot of quotes from the members of the expedition saying in retrospect that they should have worked out a plan that didn't involve killing so many dogs and ponies.)

    Also, the cat with the inappropriate name. Which one of the crew came up with THAT?

    But still, I thought this was one of the best documentaries I've ever seen. I gave it a 10 at IMDB.

    1. For what it's worth, I'm pretty sure the Amundsen expedition, the first to reach the pole and return, ate their sled dogs, too.

      As far as it goes, though, the photography in this is pretty spectacular. I had no idea images like this were even possible in this era. They'd be considered works of art if taken today.